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Articles

Dictionary of Literary Words

 

(A Book By Manik Joshi)

 

"Dictionary of Literary Words:
Vocabulary Building"

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[Series Name: 'English Word Power' | Book No: 07]

 

 

Sample This:

 

What are “Literary Words”?

 

‘Literary words’ are associated with literature.

‘Literary words’ are typical of a work of literature and imaginative writing.

‘Literary words’ are used with a particular meaning, in narrative, drama, poetry and other writing in a literary manner.

 

This book has been divided into three sections:

Section 01: Common Literary Words

Section 02: Figurative Use of the Words

Section 03: Glossary of Literary Terms

 

IMPORTANT NOTES

 

NOTE -- A:

ELEVATED WORDS

Use of an ‘Elevated’ Word in Place of a ‘Simple’ Word

‘Elevated language’ is widely used in literature.

Elevated Word -- a word that is used to show a high intellectual level

Simple Word -- a word that is used to keep conversation simple in daily life

 

Example 1:

‘Behold’ [elevated word] | ‘See’ [simple word]

Meaning of ‘behold’ and ‘see’:

to become aware of something by using your eyes

 

Example 2:

‘Blithe’ [elevated word] | ‘Happy’ [simple word]

Meaning of ‘blithe’ and ‘happy’:

showing or feeling pleasure

 

Example 3:

‘Dulcify’ [elevated word] | ‘Sweeten’ [simple word]

Meaning of ‘dulcify’ and ‘sweeten’:

to make or become sweet in taste

 

Example 4:

‘Noontide’ [elevated word] | ‘Noon’ [simple word]

Meaning of ‘Noontide’ and ‘noon’:

mid day

 

******

 

NOTE -- B:

FIGURATIVE USE OF THE WORDS

Many words and phrases are used in a different (literary) way from their usual (literal) meanings to produce a special effect. [I have put these words together in Section-2 (figurative use of the words) of this book.]

 

Example-1:

ache: In general sense -- to feel a continuous pain

His leg ached because of injury.

ache: In literary sense -- to be very sad

His false accusations made our heart ache. [= made us sad]

 

Example-2:

Flash: In general sense -- to shine brightly for a few moments

Camera flashed once.

Flash: In literary sense -- to suddenly show a strong emotion

Their eyes flashed with horror.

 

Example-3:

Soil: In general sense -- the top layer of the earth

The soil was very fertile in the plains.

Soil: In literary sense -- an area of land; a particular country

These people are very fond of American soil.

 

Example-4:

Thunder: In general sense -- (of thundercloud) to make a very loud deep sound

Clouds thundered.

Thunder: In literary sense -- to cry, shout, complain, or criticize, etc. very noisily and irritably

People thundered against the price hike.

 

‘FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE’

‘Figurative language’ is a form of writing which appeals to the senses. It is a set of literary devices which includes words and phrases used in a different (literary) way from their proper or usual (literal) meanings to produce a special or heightened effect. Figurative language can be classified into different categories based on resemblance, relationship, emphasis, understatement, etc.

 

******

 

NOTE -- C:

‘LITERARY TERMS’

There are many words which are used to describe particular form of writing in a literary work, or used in analysis, discussion, classification, and criticism of a literary work. [I have defined these terms in Section-3 (glossary of literary terms) of this book.]

 

Examples:

catharsis -- the process of releasing strong feelings through artistic activities

diction -- the choice and use of words to create a specific effect in a literary work

epithet -- a word or expression used to attribute special quality to somebody/something

genre -- a particular category, style or type to which a literary wok belongs

holograph -- handwritten piece of writing by its author

idyll -- a poem that describes a peaceful and happy scene

juvenilia -- a literary work produced by an artist, in his/her youth

melodrama -- a literary work that is full of exciting and exaggerated events or emotions

opera -- a dramatic work where a majority of the words are sung to music

panegyric -- a speech or written composition that praises somebody/something

prosody -- the patterns of rhythms and sounds in poetry

quatrain -- a verse of a poem that has four lines

refrain -- a line or number of lines of a song or poem that is repeated after each verse

scene -- one of the small sections within an act (a major division) of a play

semantic -- relating to the meaning of words and sentences

trilogy -- a set of three books, plays, movies, etc. on the same characters or subject

 

figure of speech -- an expression in which a word or phrase represents one thing in terms of something dissimilar (non-literal) to create a particular effect in somebody’s mind, or in which an emphasis is produced by patterns of sound. [Some common figures of speech are as follows -- alliteration, anaphora, antistrophe. apostrophe, assonance, consonance, hyperbole, irony, litotes, metaphor, metonymy, periphrasis, personification, simile, synecdoche]

 

Literary Words -- A 

 

abode [noun] -- the place where you live; home

 

access [noun] -- an outburst of an emotion

 

adamantine [adjective] -- extremely strong; impossible to break or smash

 

adieu [interjection] -- goodbye/farewell

 

afar [adverb] -- at a distance

 

affections [noun] -- feelings of love, care, etc.

 

aflame [adjective] -- burning; in flames | full of dazzling lights | showing pleasure or disgrace

 

afterglow [noun] -- the light in the sky after sunset | a pleasant feeling that you feel after you have enjoyed a good experience; delight

 

ageless [adjective] -- never coming to an end or growing old; everlasting

 

agleam [adjective] -- shining strongly; full of light

 

aglow [adjective] -- shining with color or pleasure

 

alabaster [noun] -- white and smooth

 

alchemy [noun] -- magical power

 

alight [verb] -- (of a bird) to come down through the air onto the ground

 

amazon [noun] -- a tall, well-built woman

 

ambrosia [noun] -- delicious food

 

apace [adverb] -- quickly

 

anon [adverb] -- before long

 

arrant [adjective] -- absolute or complete

 

argent [adjective] – silver; silvery white

 

arise [verb] -- to wake up; to get up | (of a tall structure; manmade (tower etc.) or natural (mountain, etc.) to become noticeable progressively as you move towards it

 

arrayed [adjective] -- dressed in beautiful clothes

 

asunder [adverb] -- into pieces; not together

 

athwart [preposition] -- from one side to the other side; corner to corner | not in favor of; against to

 

atrabilious [adjective] -- very sad; bad-tempered

 

attired [adjective] -- dressed in a specific way

 

augury [noun] -- a warning for future

 

aureole [noun] -- round flat shape of light

 

aurora [noun] -- the dawn

 

awestruck [adjective] -- feeling extremely impressed by something

 

awhile [adverb] -- for a moment or short time

 

END OF THE SAMPLE

 

 

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[Series Name: 'English Word Power' | Book No: 07]

 


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