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Articles

English Grammar- Be and Have

 

(A Book By Manik Joshi)

 

 

"English Grammar- Be and Have:
Patterns and Examples"

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[Series Name: 'English Daily Use' | Book No: 19]

 

 

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

 

Pattern (01) -- To + Be
Pattern (02) -- To + Be + -ING Form of Verb
Pattern (03) -- To + First Form of Verb
Pattern (04) -- To + Be + Third Form of Verb
Pattern (05) -- To + Have
Pattern (06) -- To + Have + Been
Pattern (07) -- To + Have + Third Form of Verb
Pattern (08) -- To + Have + Been + Third Form of Verb
Pattern (09) -- Being (Present) And Having Been (Past)
Pattern (10) -- ‘Verb + -ING’ and ‘Having + Past Participle’
Pattern (11) -- Being, Having Been And Past Participle

 

Sample This:

 

Pattern (01) -- To + Be

 

[PAST EVENTS]

EXAMPLE 1:-

He thought that he was safe there.

First Part - He thought. [Main Verb In Past]

Second Part - He was safe there. [Verb ‘Be’ – Was]

Using – ‘To + Be’

He thought that he was safe there.

Make changes in this sentence as follows:

A. Remove ‘that’

B. Replace Subject pronoun (he) with Reflexive pronoun (himself)

C. Replace Verb ‘Was’ With To Be

He thought himself to be safe there [Main Verb In Past + To + Be]

 

EXAMPLE 2:

I believed that he was a rival.

First Part - I believed. [Main Verb In Past]

Second Part - He was a rival. [Verb ‘Be’ – Was]

Using – ‘To + Be’

I believed that he was a rival.

Make changes in this sentence as follows:

A. Remove ‘that’

B. Replace Subject pronoun (he) with Object pronoun (him)

C. Replace Verb ‘Was’ With ‘To Be’

I believed him to be a rival. [Main Verb In Past + To + Be]

 

EXAMPLE 3:

It was said that he was in China.

First Part - It was said [Main Verb in Past]

Second Part - He was in China [Verb ‘Be’ – Was]

Using – ‘To + Be’

It was said that he was in China.

Make changes in this sentence as follows:

A. Use Subject of Second Part as the Main Subject

B. Remove ‘that’

C. Replace Verb ‘Was’ (Second Part) With ‘To Be’

He was said to be in China. [Main Verb In Past + To + Be]

 

MORE EXAMPLES:

He appeared to be mentally disturbed.

He appeared to be in the age group of 23-25 years.

The family claimed it to be a case of medical negligence.

We never expected him to be part of scandal.

He grew up to be a brave man.

Samples of the body said to be of 23-year body did not match despite investigation agency having thrice sent the sample to a laboratory.

Others seemed to be fast asleep.

A closer look showed it to be the head of a boy neck-deep in the quicksand.

Wait turned out to be long and futile.

Kidnapper turned out to be none other than his own relative.

They found four passengers who turned out to be thieves.

Everyone wanted to be first to be out from hotel.

 

 

[PRESENT EVENTS]

EXAMPLE 1:

We know that he is alive.

First Part - We know. [Main Verb In Present]

Second Part - He is alive. [Verb ‘Be’ – Is]

Using  – ‘To + Be’

We know that he is alive.

Make changes in this sentence as follows:

A. Remove ‘that’

B. Replace Subject pronoun (he) with Object pronoun (him)

C. Replace Verb ‘Is’ With To Be

We know him to be alive. [Main Verb In Present + To + Be]

 

EXAMPLE 2:

It is said that his condition is critical.

First Part – It is said. [Main Verb In Present]

Second Part - His condition is critical. [Verb ‘Be’ – Is]

Using – ‘To + Be’

It is said that his condition is critical.

Make changes in this sentence as follows:

A. Use Subject of Second Part as the Main Subject

B. Remove ‘that’

C. Replace Verb ‘Is’ (Second Part) With ‘To Be’

His condition is said to be critical. [Main Verb In Present + To + Be]

 

MORE EXAMPLES:

It appears to be a replay of 1997 hit and run case.

The ball appears to be in the finance ministry’s court.

They cease to be MPs.

Today happens to be your birthday.

He wants it to be a low-key affair.

I want this to be more of an inspirational story.

The incident seems to be fallout of property dispute.

The shelter is expected to be ready by next week.

He is considered to be close to president.

He is said to be a vital link in an international idol smuggling racket.

His condition is said to be critical.

Time management is said to be the key of success.

The Nile is said to be longer the all other rivers.

He has been found to be a millionaire.

   

END OF THE SAMPLE

 

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[Series Name: 'English Daily Use' | Book No: 19]

 


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