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Articles

English Grammar: Am, Is Are, Was, Were

 

(A Book By Manik Joshi)

 

 

"English Grammar: Am, Is, Are, Was, Were:
Patterns and Examples"

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[Series Name: 'English Daily Use' | Book No: 16]

 

 

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

 

Verb ‘To Be’
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Negative Patterns
Verb ‘To Be’ -- Interrogative Patterns
1A. English Grammar – ‘Am’
1B. AM + -ING Form of Verb
1C. AM + Being + Past Participle
1D. AM + Past Participle
2A. English Grammar – ‘Is’
2B. IS + -ING Form of Verb
2C. IS + Being + Past Participle
2D. IS + Past Participle
3A. English Grammar – ‘Are’
3B. ARE + -ING Form of Verb
3C. ARE + Being + Past Participle
3D. ARE + Past Participle
4A. English Grammar – ‘Was’
4B. WAS + -ING Form of Verb
4C. WAS + Being + Past Participle
4D. WAS + Past Participle
5A. English Grammar – ‘Were’
5B. WERE + -ING Form of Verb
5C. WERE + Being + Past Participle
5D. WERE + Past Participle

Useful Notes (1): Question Tags
Useful Notes (2): Short Answers (Ellipsis]
Useful Notes (3): Addition to Remarks
Useful Notes (4): There Is/Was and There Are/Were
Useful Notes (5): Subjunctive Mood – ‘Were’
Useful Notes (6): Be + Going To + Verb Word
Useful Notes (7): ‘Used to’ Vs. ‘Be + Used to’
Useful Notes (8): Be + To + Verb Word
Useful Notes (9): Be + ‘Being”+ Adjective
Useful Notes (10): Mixed Sentences
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) to 2(E)

 

Sample This:

 

Verb -- ‘Be’

 

The Verb ‘to be’ is used to represent the following English verbs:

‘Am’, ‘Is’, ‘Are’, ‘Was’, ‘Were’

 

Following are also the forms of the verb ‘to be’:

to be [Infinitive]

being [Present Participle]

been [Past Participle]

be [Present Subjunctive]

were [Past Subjunctive]

be [Imperative]

 

The verb ‘to be’ is used as both linking verb and auxiliary verb.

 

LINKING VERB:

A verb that connects a subject with the complement (adjective or noun) that describes it.

Example: He is an engineer. [In this sentence, subject (he) and noun (engineer) is connected by linking verb ‘is’.]

Some more examples:

I am happy. [linking verb – am]

Is he good boy? [linking verb – is]

We are very proud of ourselves. [linking verb – are]

She was intelligent. [linking verb – was]

They were not late by half an hour. [linking verb – were]

 

AUXILIARY VERB:

A verb which is used with main verb to show tenses, etc.

Example: He is going to office. [In this sentence, -ing form of main verb ‘go’ has been used with auxiliary verb ‘is’.

Some more examples:

I am studying a book. [auxiliary verb – am | main verb – study (-ing form)]

He is working on his project [auxiliary verb – is | main verb – work (-ing form)]

We are not expected to tell the secret. [auxiliary verb – are | main verb – expect (past participle form)]

She was taught by me. [auxiliary verb – was | main verb – teach (past participle form)]

Were they burdened by high taxation [auxiliary verb – were | main verb – burden (past participle form)]

 

 

IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT VERB ‘TO BE’

 

‘AM’ –

Singular Verb

Used In Present Tense

Used with Subject ‘I’

 

‘IS’ –

Singular Verb

Used In Present Tense

Used with Subject ‘He’ ‘She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects

 

‘ARE’ –

Plural Verb

Used In Present Tense

Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’, ‘They’ and other Plural Subjects

 

‘WAS’ –

Singular Verb

Used In Past Tense

Used with Subject ‘I’, ‘He’, She’, ‘It’ and other Singular Subjects

 

‘WERE’ –

Plural Verb

Used In Past Tense

Used with Subject ‘We’, ‘You’ and other Plural Subjects

 

 

Useful Notes (7): ‘Used to’ Vs. ‘Be + Used to’

“(Subject) + Used To + Base Form Of Verb” Vs. “(Subject) + Be + Used To + -Ing Form Of Verb”

 

“(Subject) + Used to + Verb Word” describes habits (repeated actions) or states in the past (which doesn’t happen or exist in present.)

I used to write diary. [=But now I don’t write diary.]

He used to play hockey. [=But now he doesn’t play hockey.]

She used to walk fast. [=But now she doesn’t walk fast.]

They used to have a big house to live in. [=But now they don’t have a big house to live in.]

 

“(Subject) + Be + used to + -ING form of Verb” describes an action that you are/were familiar with because you do/did or experience/experienced it often.

“Subject + Be + used to” is equivalent to “Subject + Be + Accustomed to”

I am used to writing diary. [=I am accustomed to writing diary.]

He is used to playing hockey. [=He is accustomed to playing hockey.]

We are used to working hard. [=We are accustomed to working hard.]

She was used to living alone. [=She was accustomed to living alone.]

They were used to walking fast. [=They were accustomed to walking fast.]

 

END OF THE SAMPLE

 

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[Series Name: 'English Daily Use' | Book No: 16]

 


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